How to take care of a bearded dragon in the winter?

To take care of a bearded dragon during winter, follow these tips:

  • Monitor terrarium temperatures closely, as they may drop during colder months.
  • Place the terrarium in a warm, draft-free area of your home.
  • Maintain a 12-hour daylight and 12-hour night cycle for lighting.
  • If your bearded dragon is under nine months old, prevent brumation by keeping basking temperatures around 105°F.
  • If your bearded dragon starts to brumate, turn off the basking light and heating sources, but ensure they have a constant supply of fresh water.
  • Keep the enclosure clean and well-ventilated.
  • Maintain proper humidity levels using a hygrometer.
  • Provide a balanced diet of live insects and vegetables, along with appropriate supplements.

Remember that bearded dragons have been brumating in the wild for much longer than they have been kept as pets, so there is no need to intervene if they start to brumate.

The Importance of Winter Care for Your Bearded Dragon

Eastern Bearded Dragon 3
Credit: Martijn

Bearded dragons are fascinating and lovable reptiles that make excellent pets. They are known for their unique appearance, docile nature, and relatively low-maintenance care requirements. However, like all animals, bearded dragons have specific needs that must be met to ensure their health and well-being.

In particular, they require special care during the winter months when temperatures drop and daylight hours decrease. Bearded dragons are native to the arid regions of Australia, where they bask in the sun for hours each day to regulate their body temperature.

In captivity, it is essential to provide them with similar conditions to maintain their health. During the winter months, it can be challenging to recreate these conditions artificially.

Without proper care and attention, your pet’s health can suffer significantly. Therefore it is vital to understand why winter care is essential for your bearded dragon’s survival and happiness.

Temperature and Lighting

Importance of Maintaining Proper Temperature and Lighting for Bearded Dragons in Winter

Bearded Dragon
Credit: Northampton Reptile Centre

Bearded dragons are cold-blooded animals, meaning they rely on external heat sources to regulate their body temperature. In the wild, they bask in the sun to warm up and retreat to shade or cooler areas as needed. In captivity, it is crucial to provide a proper temperature gradient in their habitat.

This means having a hot side and a cooler side that allows them to move around and thermoregulate as they would in the wild. During winter months, it is even more important to maintain these temperature ranges since colder temperatures can cause health problems such as lethargy, slow digestion, and even death.

Handsome Francis
Credit: Jesse Russell

The ideal temperature range for a bearded dragon’s habitat during winter months is between 75-85°F on the cool side, 85-90°F on the warm side, with a basking spot that reaches up to 95-105°F. To achieve this range, various heating sources can be used such as heat lamps (ceramic or infrared), under-tank heating pads or cables, Heat emitters or Radiant Tubes.

It’s essential not only that you have an adequate heat source but also that it is placed correctly within your bearded dragon’s enclosure. Placing your heat source too close can cause burns while too far away will limit its effectiveness in warming up your pet’s environment.

Proper Lighting Schedule and Types of Bulbs to Use

Bearded dragons also require specific lighting conditions during winter months since natural sunlight exposure may not be sufficient enough for them at this time of year. Full-spectrum UVB lighting bulbs simulate natural sunlight and are essential for providing vitamin D synthesis which helps promote healthy bone growth so you must ensure that you have a proper lighting schedule for your bearded dragon.

Typically, providing 12 to 14 hours of light and 10-12 hours of darkness is ideal. The type of bulbs you choose will depend on the size and age of your bearded dragon, as well as the size of their enclosure.

Some popular bulb choices include Mercury Vapor Lamps (MVL), Compact Fluorescent lamps (CFLs), or T5 High output fluorescent bulbs. It’s essential to ensure that your lighting fixtures are in good working order and replaced every six months to maintain optimum brightness levels.

Diet and Hydration

Winter Meal Plan for Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are omnivorous, which means they need a balanced diet of both plants and animals. During the winter season, their dietary needs change as their activity levels decrease. As a result, it’s important to adjust their meal plan accordingly.

One simple way to do this is by reducing the amount of protein in their diet and increasing the number of vegetables. Some recommended winter vegetables to include in your bearded dragon’s meal plan are kale, collard greens, squash, sweet potatoes, carrots, and beet greens.

It’s important to note that cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower should be avoided as they can disrupt thyroid function in reptiles. Additionally, fruit should be given as a treat only due to its high sugar content.

Hydration Methods for Bearded Dragons

In addition to adjusting their diet during winter months, it’s also crucial to ensure that your bearded dragon has access to fresh water at all times. Dehydration can lead to numerous health issues including impaction and kidney failure. One effective way to provide hydration for your pet is through misting or bathing.

Misting involves spraying the enclosure with water several times a day while bathing involves placing your pet in shallow water for 10-15 minutes once or twice a week. These methods not only hydrate your pet but also help maintain proper humidity levels in the enclosure.

Another option is providing a water dish that is large enough for your bearded dragon to soak in if they choose. However, keep in mind that some dragons may defecate or soak themselves too much causing skin irritation if given access for extended periods of time.

Foods To Avoid During Winter Months

It’s important to understand what foods should be avoided during colder months as certain foods can cause digestive problems for bearded dragons. In addition to cruciferous vegetables, high-fat foods such as pinkies or wax worms should be avoided.

They can lead to obesity and other health issues when fed too frequently. Additionally, insects caught in the wild (including earthworms) can carry parasites that may harm your pet so they should be avoided as well.

Humidity Control

The Importance of Humidity Control in a Bearded Dragon’s Habitat

Humidity plays a crucial role in the health and well-being of your bearded dragon. Bearded dragons are native to the arid regions of Australia, where humidity is typically low. Therefore, it is essential to maintain low humidity levels in their habitat to prevent respiratory infections and other health problems.

However, during the winter months, maintaining low humidity levels can be challenging because cold air holds less moisture than warm air. As a result, the air inside your home may be dry, which can cause the humidity levels in your pet’s enclosure to drop below optimal levels.

How to Maintain Proper Humidity Levels During the Winter Months?

To maintain proper humidity levels during the winter months, you may need to use a humidifier or misting system. These devices add moisture to the air and help keep your pet’s enclosure at an optimal humidity level.

You can also place a shallow water dish inside your pet’s enclosure or mist their habitat with water several times a day. This will help raise the humidity level by adding moisture to the environment.

When adding moisture to your pet’s environment, it is important not to oversaturate their habitat with water as this can lead to bacterial growth and other health problems. Instead, use a hygrometer or similar device to monitor and regulate the humidity levels in their enclosure.

If you live in an area with hard water, it is recommended that you use distilled water for misting or filling up your pet’s water dishes. Hard water contains minerals that can build up over time and cause respiratory issues in bearded dragons.

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Bearded dragons are active creatures that require ample space to move around and explore. Lack of exercise can lead to obesity, muscle atrophy, and reduced lifespan.

During the winter months, when temperatures drop, it can be challenging to provide enough physical activity for your pet. However, there are several ways to ensure they still get enough exercise during this period.

One way is by setting up an indoor play area for your bearded dragon that mimics their outdoor habitat. This can include rocks, branches, tunnels, and other items for them to climb on or crawl through.

You can also place a few toys in the area such as rubber balls or cardboard boxes for them to interact with. Another way to provide exercise is by taking your bearded dragon out of their enclosure for supervised time outside their tank.

Be sure that the room or space you allow them into is safe and secure with no escape routes or hazards that could harm them. Allow them to walk around freely under supervision while you interact with him/her.

Ways To Provide Mental Stimulation For Your Pet During Colder Months

In addition to physical exercise, it’s essential also to provide mental stimulation during the winter months when bearded dragons tend to sleep more often. One way is by introducing new items into their enclosure periodically; this helps stimulate curiosity in the pet.

You can introduce new materials like fabrics or rocks or even change up their regular meal routine by offering different foods like insects they haven’t eaten before as treats during enrichment periods – do not forget always ensure any food offered is safe.

It’s also important always try new things such as hiding treats in strategic locations within its enclosure so they must hunt it down rather than just simply receiving food from a bowl every day.

Tips on creating an enriching environment for your pet

When developing an enriching environment for your bearded dragon, consider incorporating a range of structures and textures that promote exploration and discovery. This includes items like rocks, logs, and branches in various shapes and sizes so that they can climb up or crawl on.

Ensure to provide different areas for basking with different heat sources; this promotes movement and exercise by following the heat source as needed throughout the enclosure.

Adding hide spots can also help them feel safe and secure. Additionally, use substrates that allow them to burrow. This is essential as they live underground in the wild; you can use materials like coconut coir or eco-earth mixed with sand to create an ideal substrate for your pet.

By creating an enriching environment that provides both physical activity and mental stimulation during the colder months of winter, you can keep your bearded dragon healthy while also ensuring its happiness.

Health Concerns

Common health problems that may arise in bearded dragons during colder months

While bearded dragons are generally hardy pets, they can still experience health problems during the winter season. One common issue is respiratory infections, which can be caused by low temperatures and dry air. These infections can lead to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and difficulty breathing.

Additionally, bearded dragons may experience digestive issues during the winter months due to changes in their diet and metabolism. Another potential health problem for bearded dragons in the winter is impaction.

This occurs when a dragon’s digestive system becomes blocked by undigested food or other foreign objects. With less activity and a slower metabolism during colder weather, it’s important to pay close attention to your pet’s bowel movements and ensure they are eating an appropriate diet.

Signs that indicate illness or discomfort in your pet

It’s important for owners to monitor their bearded dragons closely for signs of illness or discomfort during the winter season. Some common signs of respiratory infection include wheezing or clicking sounds when breathing, open-mouthed breathing, and lethargy.

Signs of digestive issues include constipation or diarrhea, loss of appetite, and bloating. Other signs that may indicate illness or discomfort in your pet include changes in behavior or activity level, such as decreased energy levels or reluctance to move around within their habitat.

Tips on how to prevent health problems from occurring

To prevent health problems from arising in your bearded dragon during the winter season, it’s important to maintain proper temperature and humidity levels within their habitat. This includes using appropriate heating sources and ensuring proper ventilation to prevent stagnant air. Additionally, owners should pay close attention to their pet’s diet and hydration needs throughout the year but especially during colder months.

Providing fresh water daily and monitoring bowel movements can help to prevent digestive issues. It’s also important to provide mental stimulation and exercise opportunities for your pet to keep them active and healthy.

Regular veterinary check-ups can help to catch any potential health problems early on before they become more serious. By taking proactive steps to ensure your bearded dragon’s overall health and well-being during the winter season, you can help your pet thrive all year long.


Bearded dragons make great pets, but it is important to ensure that they are properly cared for during the winter months. Remember to maintain proper temperature and lighting, adjust their diet accordingly, provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, and monitor their health closely. With these tips in mind, you can keep your bearded dragon happy and healthy all year round.

Preparing for Winter Care

As the fall season approaches, it’s important to start preparing your bearded dragon’s habitat for the colder months ahead. Begin by checking all heating sources for proper function and replacing any broken bulbs or heating pads.

Adjust the lighting schedule as necessary to ensure that your pet is getting enough UVB light exposure. Consider adding additional sources of humidity to their environment by misting or using a humidifier.

Benefits of Proper Winter Care

Properly caring for your bearded dragon during the winter season can have many benefits. By maintaining a comfortable living environment with proper temperature control and ample access to hydration and nutrition, you can prevent health problems from arising in your pet. Additionally, providing plenty of exercise and mental stimulation will help keep them active and engaged throughout the colder months.

Taking care of a bearded dragon during the winter requires attention to detail in several areas including temperature control, diet management, hydration methods, humidity levels, exercise opportunities, mental stimulation strategies as well as monitoring their health closely.

With these tips in mind though your pet might have some adjustments required due to changes in climate conditions; they will remain healthy throughout this period making them happy pets all year round.