Top 5 Health Concerns for Bearded Dragons and How to Keep Them Happy and Healthy

Bearded dragons are fascinating creatures, and they make great pets. But as with any pet, they require special care and attention to ensure they stay healthy. With the right knowledge, you can keep your bearded dragon happy and healthy for years to come.

Interestingly, bearded dragons have been kept as pets since the 19th century, with the first recorded instance of a bearded dragon being kept as a pet occurring in England in 1845.

With that in mind, here are the top five health concerns for bearded dragons and how to keep them happy and healthy.

The Importance of Understanding Bearded Dragon Health Concerns

Zelda the Bearded Dragon
Credit: Kylie McGoldrick

Our responsibility as pet owners includes taking care of our pets’ health during their lifetime. We must also be aware of potential health threats when caring for our beloved bearded dragons, in order to ensure they receive proper nutrition and care. There are several factors to consider when evaluating the health status of bearded dragons.

Among them are regular veterinary examinations as well as monitoring behavioral changes that may indicate a medical issue such as lethargy or reduced appetite. As long as you are aware of the health concerns associated with bearded dragons and take preventative measures accordingly, your pet will live a long and healthy life free from serious illness.

To keep your bearded dragon healthy and happy, you’ve got to know its unique needs and characteristics. We’ll cover some of the most common health problems these creatures encounter in the next sections so you’ll know how to deal with them if they arise.

Health Concern #1: Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD)

Definition and Causes of MBD

Metabolic Bone Disease, or MBD, is a common health issue seen in bearded dragons. It is a condition that affects the reptile’s bones and can lead to severe deformities or even death if left untreated.

MBD occurs when the dragon’s body does not properly absorb calcium from their diet, which is essential for strong and healthy bones. This deficiency can happen due to a lack of calcium in their diet, improper lighting, or an imbalance in other essential nutrients such as vitamin D3.

Symptoms to Look Out For

One of the most apparent symptoms of MBD in bearded dragons is soft bones that easily bend or deform under pressure. This can lead to deformities such as crooked limbs or spinal curvature which makes movement difficult for the dragon.

Other signs of MBD include lethargy, weakness and difficulty moving around, tremors or twitching muscles, lack of appetite, swollen joints and bumps under the skin along with the jawbone.

Prevention and Treatment Options

To prevent metabolic bone disease from affecting your bearded dragon it’s important to provide them with adequate calcium-rich foods like crickets dusted with calcium supplements at least twice a week while vegetables like collard greens should also be part of their meals.

UVB lighting also plays an important role in preventing MBD since it aids Vitamin D synthesis which helps in Calcium absorption. Therefore it’s recommended that you provide your beardie with UVB light for 12-14 hours daily.

If healthy diet and proper lighting has already been provided but you still suspect metabolic bone disease on your beardie seek veterinary attention immediately. Treatment usually involves supplementation therapy through injection or oral supplements combined with UV therapy if needed to help restore calcium levels in the body.

Health Concern #2: Parasites

Types of parasites commonly found in bearded dragons

Bearded dragons can fall victim to a number of parasites, including mites, ticks, and various kinds of worms. Parasites are typically picked up from exposure to infected food or other infected animals.

Mites and ticks are often found on a dragon’s skin or in their environment while intestinal worms can infect the digestive tract. Mites and ticks are visible to the naked eye and can cause irritation, itching, and even anemia if left unchecked.

Intestinal worms can lead to weight loss, lethargy, vomiting or diarrhea. If you suspect your bearded dragon may have parasites, it is important to take them to a veterinarian who specializes in exotics as they will need professional treatment.

Symptoms and effects on the dragon’s health

Fred the bearded dragon
Credit: hairnicks

Parasites can cause a range of symptoms depending on the type and severity of infestation. Symptoms may include weight loss, lack of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea or constipation. Some parasites also carry diseases which affect the immune system and overall health of your bearded dragon.

It is important to note that parasitic infections do not always show symptoms right away so regular check-ups with a veterinarian specializing in exotics is vital in detecting any potential problems early on. Neglected parasitic infections have been known to cause serious illness or even death in bearded dragons.

Prevention and treatment options

Preventing parasitic infections starts with maintaining proper hygiene for both your bearded dragon’s environment as well as their diet. To reduce exposure to mites or ticks, clean their enclosure regularly with appropriate disinfectants and avoid introducing new animals unless they’ve been properly screened for parasites by a veterinarian.

As for treatment options for parasitic infections – that depends on the specific parasite and the severity of the infestation.

Often, a veterinarian specializing in exotics will prescribe medications to treat the infection while also addressing any underlying health issues caused by the parasites. Additionally, in more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove large numbers of parasites from the digestive tract.

Health Concern #3: Impaction

Definition and Causes of Impaction

Impaction refers to a blockage within the digestive tract of a bearded dragon, usually caused by ingesting foreign objects such as gravel, sand, or substrate. This can lead to serious health complications if not addressed promptly. The digestive system of bearded dragons is not designed to handle hard objects, as their teeth are not made for grinding food.

This can result in impaction as these hard objects cannot be broken down completely during digestion. Another common cause of impaction in bearded dragons is due to dehydration.

When the dragon is dehydrated, its fecal matter becomes dry and hard which makes it difficult for them to pass it through their system. This can cause constipation and eventually lead to impaction.

Symptoms to Look Out For

The symptoms of impaction may vary depending on the severity of the blockage but generally include loss of appetite, lethargy, swelling in the abdomen area and difficulty defecating. Bearded dragons affected by impaction may also show signs of discomfort when handled or picked up.

If left untreated, severe cases can result in an infection which may spread throughout the body causing damage to other internal organs such as the kidneys and liver.

Prevention and Treatment Options

The best way to prevent impaction in your bearded dragon is by avoiding feeding them with any hard or sharp objects that could obstruct their digestive tract. It’s also important always to provide fresh water daily and ensure they stay hydrated at all times.

When it comes to treatment options for mild cases, one effective method is providing warm soaks or baths for your dragon. Gently massaging their stomach while they are soaking will help relieve constipation by stimulating bowel movements.

In any case, it’s vital always to seek professional help as soon as you notice any symptoms of impaction in your bearded dragon.

Health Concern #4: Respiratory Infections

Definition and Causes

Respiratory infections are a common health concern for bearded dragons. They are caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microorganisms that infect the respiratory system of the dragon.

These infections can be quite serious if left untreated. One of the main causes of respiratory infections in bearded dragons is poor living conditions.

If their enclosure is not clean or well-ventilated, it can lead to a buildup of harmful bacteria and fungi that can cause infections. Another common cause is stress, which weakens the immune system and makes the dragon more susceptible to infection.


The symptoms of respiratory infections in bearded dragons include: – wheezing or whistling noises when breathing – increased mucus production

  • open-mouthed breathing – lethargy
  • appetite loss – weight loss

If you notice any of these symptoms in your dragon, it’s important to seek veterinary attention as soon as possible. Respiratory infections can escalate quickly and lead to life-threatening complications.

Prevention and Treatment

The best way to prevent respiratory infections in your bearded dragon is to provide a clean and well-maintained living environment. This includes regular cleaning of their enclosure, providing proper heating and lighting, and ensuring adequate ventilation.

If your bearded dragon does develop a respiratory infection, treatment will depend on the severity of the infection. Mild cases may only require supportive care such as fluids and nutritional support while severe cases may require antibiotics or antifungal medication prescribed by a veterinarian.

Prevention is key when it comes to protecting your bearded dragon from respiratory infections. By providing them with proper care and seeking veterinary attention at the first sign of illness you can help ensure their long-term health and wellbeing.

Health Concern #5: Mouth Rot


Mouth rot, also known as infectious stomatitis, is a bacterial infection that affects the mouth and gums of bearded dragons. It is a common health concern among reptiles and can be deadly if not treated promptly. The bacteria can spread to other parts of the body and cause severe infections.


Mouth rot is caused by poor hygiene, inadequate diet, or injuries to the mouth. Bearded dragons that have weak immune systems are more susceptible to mouth rot than healthy ones. Stressful living conditions, such as overcrowding or improper temperature regulation, can also predispose a dragon to this condition.


The first sign of mouth rot in bearded dragons is redness and swelling around the mouth area. The gums may appear inflamed and bleed easily when touched.

There may also be a yellowish discharge coming out of the mouth. As the infection progresses, the dragon may stop eating or experience difficulty swallowing due to pain.


Proper hygiene and diet are essential in preventing mouth rot in bearded dragons. Regular cleaning of their enclosure and accessories can minimize bacterial growth. Providing fresh water daily can also help prevent dehydration which weakens their immune system.


Treatment for mouth rot typically involves antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian who specializes in reptiles. The infected area needs to be cleaned daily with an antiseptic solution until it heals completely.

Soft foods such as baby food may need to be offered if they have difficulty eating solid food during recovery. Overall, prevention is key when it comes to maintaining good health for your beloved bearded dragon pet.

Keep their living space clean, and provide them with proper nutrition and water sources while monitoring their behavior regularly for any changes that may signal an illness. With proper care, your bearded dragon can live a happy and healthy life by your side.


Summary of the top 5 health concerns for bearded dragons

The top five health concerns that any bearded dragon owner should be aware of include metabolic bone disease (MBD), parasites, impaction, respiratory infections, and mouth rot.

MBD is caused by a lack of calcium in the diet and can lead to severe health complications. Parasites can cause a range of symptoms including diarrhea and lethargy.

Impaction can occur when a dragon ingests something that it cannot digest leading to blockages in its digestive system. Respiratory infections and mouth rot are both infections that can cause severe discomfort for your pet if left untreated.

Importance of regular check-ups with a veterinarian

Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are important for any pet, but particularly so for bearded dragons due to their susceptibility to certain health conditions. A qualified reptile veterinarian will be able to assess your dragon’s overall condition, as well as identify any potential health issues before they become serious problems. They will also be able to advise you on appropriate diets, supplements, and other factors that can help maintain your pet’s overall well-being.

Tips for maintaining a healthy bearded dragon

Maintaining the optimal health of your Bearded Dragon is not difficult if you know what you’re doing. Ensure you provide an appropriate environment such as regulated temperature with basking areas (a combination of heat lamps and heat mats) to mimic its natural environment in Australia.

Be sure to regularly clean out the enclosure – this means removing uneaten food promptly so it doesn’t spoil or mold, and replacing water daily or even twice daily so it remains fresh.

Your Bearded Dragon requires exposure to UVA/UVB light every day – make sure that the bulbs are replaced every six months, this is important as frequent exposure to light enables your bearded dragon to produce Vitamin D3 which is essential for strengthening bones and regulating calcium metabolism.

While owning a bearded dragon can be incredibly rewarding, they do require special attention to their health. Being aware of and addressing the top five health concerns for these animals, regular veterinary check-ups, and taking steps to maintain optimal husbandry conditions will help ensure that your pet remains healthy and happy for years to come.