Guide to building an outdoor enclosure for bearded dragon

There are a variety of elements to consider when designing an outdoor enclosure for a Bearded Dragon, such as the size, materials used, and location.

As a Reptile Health Expert, I can assure you that by taking the time to create a suitable environment for your Bearded Dragon, you can rest assured that your pet will thrive and be safe and secure in its home.

In this article we will discuss the many factors that go into creating the perfect outdoor enclosure for your Bearded Dragon. From the size of the enclosure to the materials used and location, you will have all the information you need to create the perfect home for your reptile companion.

So, if you’re ready to build a secure and safe outdoor enclosure for your Bearded Dragon, read on to learn more.

Planning the Enclosure

When selecting a location for your outdoor bearded dragon enclosure, it’s important to consider factors such as shade, sunlight, and temperature. Be sure to choose an area that provides ample shade during the hottest parts of the day while still receiving enough sunlight for your bearded dragon’s needs.

Additionally, you’ll want to select an area that is protected from strong winds and other harsh weather conditions. Consider any local zoning regulations or homeowners association rules that may impact where you can place your enclosure.

Determining the size and shape of the enclosure

Bearded dragons need plenty of room to move around in their enclosures. When determining the size of your outdoor enclosure, consider how many bearded dragons you plan on housing and factor in their adult size. As a general rule of thumb, each adult bearded dragon should have at least 8 square feet of floor space.

For example, if you plan on housing two adult bearded dragons, your enclosure should measure at least 16 square feet. In terms of shape, rectangular enclosures tend to work best as they provide ample room for basking areas and hiding spots.

Deciding on materials to use

When building an outdoor bearded dragon enclosure, it’s critical to choose materials that are both safe for your pets and durable enough to withstand various weather conditions over time.

Some popular material choices include wood (such as cedar or redwood), PVC pipe frames with wire mesh sides (which allows for ventilation), concrete blocks with mortar joints filled in (which is sturdy but heavy), or metal frames with polycarbonate panels (for added durability).

Consider what works best for your budget and personal preferences when selecting materials for your outdoor bearded dragon enclosure so that it will last a long time while also providing a safe and comfortable environment for your pet.

Building the Enclosure

Creating a sturdy base

The foundation of your bearded dragon’s enclosure is crucial for the safety and stability of the entire structure. One option is to use concrete pavers or bricks as a base, which will provide a level surface that is resistant to moisture and erosion.

You can also use wooden boards or beams, but make sure they are treated to resist rot and pests. Whatever material you choose, ensure that it is securely anchored into the ground with stakes or cement.

Building walls and roof

The walls of your bearded dragon’s outdoor enclosure can be made from a variety of materials, including wood, PVC panels, or wire mesh. Wood offers added insulation and protection from harsh weather conditions, while PVC panels are lightweight and easy to clean.

Wire mesh provides maximum ventilation but may require additional security measures to keep predators out. Whichever material you choose, ensure that it is strong enough to withstand high winds and heavy rainfall.

As for the roof, you’ll want something that blocks out direct sunlight while still allowing for proper airflow. A solid roof made from corrugated plastic sheets or roofing tiles will provide shade and protection from rain.

Another option could be adding shade cloth over part of the enclosure. This allows natural light in while filtering UV rays.

Adding doors and windows

When adding doors to your bearded dragon’s enclosure, make sure they are large enough for easy access but also secure enough so as not to let predators in when closed. You may also want multiple doors for easier cleaning access or separating your pet from any other areas.

Windows are an optional addition but can help with ventilation if placed in strategic locations around the enclosure. Consider using mesh screens on any windows added for extra security measures against potential escape artists like rodents.

Installing lighting and heating elements

Bearded dragons require specific temperatures and lighting to thrive. First, you’ll need to install a heat source that will maintain proper basking temperatures in the designated area. This can be accomplished by using a ceramic heat emitter or a basking lamp.

For lighting, bearded dragons require UVB lighting to synthesize Vitamin D3 properly. Consider incorporating fluorescent UVB bulbs or compact coil bulbs into your enclosure’s design.

Always ensure that any electrical wiring is safely installed and not accessible to your pet.

Landscaping and Decorating the Enclosure

The substrate is the material that lines the floor of the enclosure. It’s important to choose a substrate that is safe for your bearded dragon and allows for proper drainage.

Some good options include reptile carpets, paper towels, or sand mixed with soil or clay. Adding plants to the enclosure can provide a more natural environment for your bearded dragon while also aiding in their mental stimulation.

Make sure the plants you choose are non-toxic to your pet and can withstand the heat and lighting requirements. Good options include succulents, air plants, and small shrubs.

Providing Hiding Spots and Basking Areas

Bearded dragons need hiding spots where they can retreat when feeling stressed or threatened. These hiding spots can be created by adding rocks, logs, branches or commercial hide boxes within the enclosure.

Basking areas are also essential as they provide a spot for your bearded dragon to warm up under their heat lamps or UVB lighting source. Place basking areas near a heat lamp to create a warm temperature gradient so that your bearded dragon can regulate their body temperature effectively.

Incorporating Rocks, Logs, and Other Natural Elements

Incorporating natural elements such as rocks, logs, branches, or driftwood into their habitat will offer additional hiding spaces while also providing opportunities for climbing and exploration.

Arrange these elements in different ways throughout the enclosure to create varied terrain that will promote physical exercise as well as mental stimulation for your bearded dragon.

Overall, landscaping and decorating an outdoor bearded dragon enclosure should aim to replicate natural environments while ensuring the safety and comfort of our pets in captivity. By taking time to think about how we can design our habitat around these principles we help ensure happy healthy pets living out their days in a beautiful home.

Maintenance and Care

Keeping your bearded dragon’s outdoor enclosure clean is essential for their health and well-being. Be sure to remove any uneaten food, feces, and shed skin daily to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

Use a reptile-safe disinfectant to clean all surfaces thoroughly at least once a month. It’s also important to deep-clean the enclosure annually by removing all substrate and decorations and scrubbing everything down with hot, soapy water.

Providing Fresh Food, Water, and Supplements for Your Bearded Dragon

Bearded dragons require a varied diet that includes live insects, vegetables, and fruit. It’s essential to provide fresh food every day and make sure your bearded dragon has access to clean drinking water at all times. Calcium and vitamin supplements should also be given regularly as directed by your veterinarian.

Monitoring Temperature, Humidity, and Other Environmental Factors

Bearded dragons are ectothermic animals that rely on their environment to regulate their body temperature. To ensure optimal health and comfort for your pet, it’s crucial to monitor the temperature of the enclosure with a thermometer or thermostat. The basking area should be kept between 95-105°F (35-40°C), while cooler areas should range from 75-85°F (24-29°C).

Maintaining proper humidity levels between 30-40% is also important for respiratory health. Other environmental factors such as lighting duration, UVB exposure levels, and noise level disturbances can impact your pet’s physical well-being.

Therefore these factors must be monitored regularly in addition to temperature/humidity levels. By taking care of these maintenance needs you will help keep your outdoor bearded dragon enclosure healthy for years of enjoyment.


Building an outdoor bearded dragon enclosure is a fun and rewarding project. Hopefully, this guide has provided you with the necessary information to create a suitable living space for your pet bearded dragon. Remember to plan carefully, choose appropriate materials, and provide all the necessary features for your pet’s comfort and safety.

The key points covered in this guide are:

  • Choosing a location that provides adequate sunlight and shade
  • Determining the size of the enclosure based on the number of bearded dragons you have
  • Using sturdy materials like wood or PVC pipe to construct walls and roof
  • Adding doors and windows for easy access and ventilation
  • Installing lighting and heating elements that mimic natural conditions
  • Landscaping with an appropriate substrate, plants, rocks, logs, etc.
  • Providing hiding spots for privacy
  • Cleaning regularly
  • Monitoring environmental factors like temperature, humidity, etc.


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